Tagore's School and Methodology: Classrooms Without Walls

Main Article Content

Tom Kane


This paper argues that Rabindranath Tagore, a very practical man, developed a distinctive and successful educational methodology over the course of his work in educational systems. The paper seeks to show that Tagore drew inspiration and direction from extraordinary times, and extraordinary people of those times. The paper establishes the Tagore family’s place within the ongoing Bengali Renaissance; and to Tagore’s place among remarkable individuals, particularly Jagadish Chandra Bose and Patrick Geddes. The paper looks to the emergence of the poet’s educational institutions from spiritual and technological viewpoints. An attempt is made to show that Tagore’s educational establishments were methodologically developed, can claim to be part of his poetic legacy; and that telepresence technologies of the twenty-first century might offer good service to those establishments as they continue to evolve.

Article Details



Aggarwal, Varun, ‘Jagadish Chandra Bose: The Real Inventor of Marconi’s Wireless Receiver’, ResearchGate [accessed 31 August 2016]
Aurobindo, Sri, The Upanishads, 1st US Edition, Us ed. edition (Twin Lakes, WI: Lotus Press, 1996)
Bose, Jagadis Chunder, and Guruprasanna Das, ‘Researches on Growth and Movement in Plants by Means of the High Magnification Crescograph’, Pro-ceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 90 (1919), 364–400
Chakrabarti, Parul, Indrani Bose, and Kabita Mandal, ‘Convener’s Note’ (presented at the Tagore, Bose and Mahalanobis: Confluence of Minds, Sir J.C. Bose Trust, 2013), pp. 1–3
Chakravorty, Pragnan, ‘History of Wireless’, Scribd [accessed 21 October 2016]
Das, Amita, ‘Jagadish Chandra Bose and Rabindranath Tagore: An Enduring Friendship’, Acharya J.C. Bose: Life, Vision and Legacy, 1 (2010), 46–49
Dasgupta, Subrata, The Bengal Renaissance, 2012 edition (Permanent Black, 2012)
Dennett, D. C, Intuition Pumps and Other Tools for Thinking, 2013
Fraser, Bashabi, ed., A Meeting of Two Minds: Geddes Tagore Letters, 3rd Revised edition edition (Edinburgh: Word Power Books, 2008)
Geddes, Patrick, Cities in Evolution: An Introduction to the Town Planning Movement and to the Study of Civics (London: Williams, 1915) [accessed 28 October 2016]
———, The Life and Work of Sir Jagadis C. Bose (Kessinger Publishing, 2007)
Gupta, Uma Das, Science and Modern India: An Institutional History, c.1784-1947: Project of History of Science, Philosophy and Culture in Indian Civilization, Volume XV, Part 4: Volume XV Part 4, 1 edition (Pearson, 2010)
Hatcher, Brian A., ‘Father, Son and Holy Text: Rabindranath Tagore and the Upaniṣads’, The Journal of Hindu Studies, 4 (2011), 119–43
Jelnikar, Ana, ‘Hospitality and Worldliness: Tagore’s Household Drama of Love and Responsibility’, South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies, 2016 [accessed 31 August 2016]
Kane, Thomas B., ‘Using Cognitive Tunnels in a New Approach to Building Social Elevators in the Information Society’, Informatica, 38 (2014) [ac-cessed 31 March 2016]
Kling, Partner in Empire: Dwarkanath Tagore and the Age of Enterprise in Eastern India (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992)
McRae, ‘Oriental Verities on the American Frontier: The 1893 World’s Parliament of Religions and the Thought of Masao Abe on JSTOR’
Nagel, Ernest, The Structure of Science: Problems in the Logic of Scientific Explanation (Hackett Publishing Company, 1979)
Nagel, Thomas, Mind and Cosmos: Why the Materialist Neo-Darwinian Conception of Nature Is Almost Certainly False (New York: OUP USA, 2012)
———, Mortal Questions, 1 edition (Cambridge University Press, 2012)
———, ‘What Is It Like to Be a Bat?’, The Philosophical Review, 83 (1974), 435–50
Rosenberg, Alexander, Darwinian Reductionism: Or, How to Stop Worrying and Love Molecular Biology (University of Chicago Press, 2008)
Sarvabhutananda, Swami, ‘Nivedita of India - Ramakrishna Mission Institute of Culture’ [accessed 17 October 2016]
Searle, John R, D. C Dennett, and David John Chalmers, The Mystery of Con-sciousness (London: Granta Books, 1998)
Sengupta, D. L., T. K. Sarkar, and D. Sen, ‘Centennial of the Semiconductor Diode Detector’, ResearchGate, 86 (1998), 235–43
Shepherd, V. A., ‘At the Roots of Plant Neurobiology’, in Plant Electrophysiology, ed. by Alexander G. Volkov (Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2012), pp. 3–43
Sivatattvananda, Gauri Ma, a Monastic Disciple of Sri Ramakrishna, 1st ed edition (Mothers Trust/Mothers Place, 1994)
Spencer, Herbert, Social Statics or the Conditions Essential to Human Happiness Specified, and the First of Them Developed (Kessinger Publishing, 2010)
Stephen, Walter, Think Global, Act Local: The Life and Legacy of Patrick Geddes (Edinburgh: Luath Press, 2004)
Tagore, Rabindranath, Creative Unity (Rupa, 2002)
———, The Broken Nest, trans. by Mary M. Lago and Supriya Bari (Madras: Asia Book Corp of Amer, 1983)
Tagore, Rabindranath, and Uma Das Gupta, My Life in My Words (S.l.: Penguin Books India, 2010)
Tagore, Rabindranath, Krishna Dutta, and Andrew Robinson, Selected Letters of Rabindranath Tagore (Cambridge University Press, 1997)
Tyrwhitt, Jaqueline, Patrick Geddes in India, First Edition edition (Lund Humphries, 1947)
Zastoupil, L., Rammohun Roy and the Making of Victorian Britain, 2010 edition (Palgrave Macmillan, 2010)